Sowa-Rigpa” is one of the oldest, living and well documented medical tradition popular in the world. The term ‘Sowa Rigpa’ is derived from Bhoti language which means ‘Knowledge of Healing’. It is an ancient Indian medical system which was enriched in the entire Trans-Himalayan region. At present Sowa-Rigpa is more popular in Himalayan societies especially in J & K region’, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh (Lahoul & Spiti), West Bengal (Darjeeling), Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh and other parts of India. It is also being practiced in countries like Bhutan, Mongolia and Russia etc.Sowa Rigpa is formally recognized and promoted as traditional medical system by the Government of India. Along with spread of Buddhism, Sowa-Rigpa also spread to other neighboring countries. It can be perceived to be more close or having similarity with Ayurvedic philosophy/ principles of India since many of texts of Sowa-Rigpa (approximately more than 75%) are taken from one of the most famous treatise of Ayurveda i.e. “AshtangaHridya” in one or other form. Many (more than 75%) medicines used in Ayurveda (Indian origin) vizTriphala, Ashok, Ashwagandha, Guggulu, Haridra etc. are also frequently used in Sowa- Rigpa System of Medicine for treatment purposes.